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A human mitochondrial genome database

A compendium of polymorphisms and mutations in human mitochondrial DNA
MITOMAP reports published and unpublished data on human mitochondrial DNA variation. Currently our variant tables report frequencies from 30589 human mitochondrial DNA sequences. If you would like to add a paper and its data into MITOMAP, please email a pdf to We appreciate your help. Thanks.
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MITOMAP Quick Reference

led-gray To search for point mutations, click here . The help button on the search page has more information.

led-gray The rCRS is GenBank number NC_012920. Click here for details.

General References Illustrations:
The Annotated Human Mitochondrial DNA Sequence View Figures
The rCRS & other mtDNAs..... GenBank Frequency Info -Mitochondrial DNA Map
Amino Acid Translation Tables -Eleven pathological mutations in tRNA
Mitochondrial References, ALL ... • A-L only ... • M-Z only -Mitochondrial energetics
Haplogroup Markers & Frequencies...... Simpler mtDNA Tree: Europe, Asia, Africa -Diabetes metabolism & the mitochondria
Mitochondrial DNA Function Locations (Gene Loci) -World migrations
Mitochondrial DNA Polypeptide Assignments -mtDNA Trees
Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequences
Archived Reports:
... Mitochondrial Human Genome Report
... Common Continent-Specific mtDNA Variants, c.1995
... mtDNA RFLPs:... High Resolution... Low Resolution
mtDNA Variants (includes mini insertions & deletions) Other databases & tools:
UPDATED Control Region Variants (16024-576) PhyloTree ... HaploGrep ... MSeqDR-LSDB
UPDATED Coding & RNA Variants (577-16023, MTTF-MTTP) HmtDB database ... MitImpact 2... MitoMiner
Somatic Mutations MitoTool ... MitoWheel ... HvrBase++
Collection of Submitted Variant Reports EMPOP CR Database... Mitosearch
Other Useful Mito Links on the Web POLG Database ... MitoBreak... MitoAge
Mammalian Mito tRNA Genes... MitoFit
mtDNA Mutations with Reports of Disease-Associations
Organized by mtDNA location:
UPDATED Coding & Control Region Mutations
Organized by phenotype:
rRNA/tRNA Mutations
Coding & Control Region Mutations
LHON Mutations
Major Rearrangements
MtDNA Deletions
Multiple mtDNA Deletions Within Individuals
MtDNA Inversions
MtDNA Simple Insertions
MtDNA Complex Rearrangements
Nuclear Genes Involved in Mitochondrial Disease
Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease
Non-Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease
Mitochondrial Pseudogenes
Submittal of Data & How to Cite MITOMAP
Submit unpublished mtDNA Variants
If you would like to submit published articles to be included in mitomap, please send the citation & a pdf to
(please put the word "Mitomap" in the subject line)
How to cite MITOMAP
Support and Advocacy
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation Miracles for Mito
About Mitochondrial Disease - Mitoaction's FAQ Audio Podcasts on iTunes- Mitoaction
Foundation for Mitochondrial Medicine Mitochondrial Research Guild
Mito Hope and Help MitoCanada
The Human Family Tree:10 Adams and 18 Eves Mitochondria Interest Group Video Casts

Mitochondrial DNA Map

Map of the Human Mitochondrial DNA

Beagle Web Pick
Scout Report Selection
Topic revision: r25 - 26 Apr 2017, UnknownUser
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