These sites have been assigned either by restriction analysis of the entire mtDNA and Southern blots and are accurate to varying degrees, or by restrictioin analysis of short portions of the mtDNA. Restriction sites separated by a slash indicate that the mutation could have occured in one or the other of the listed sites. The symbol "~" indicates that the site gain is somewhere near the indicated nucleotide position. Each nucleotide listed is the first nucleotide of the restriction endonuclease recognition sequence, Genbank NC_012920. Codes for recognition sites are: N=A/G/C/T; P=A/G; Q=C/T; S=C/G; W=G/T; V=A/C. Some references were not included because polymorphic sites were not mapped.