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A human mitochondrial genome database

A compendium of polymorphisms and mutations of the human mitochondrial DNA
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The role of MITOMAP is to report, not to analyze, published and unpublished data on human mitochondrial DNA variation. All data is curated by hand and due to the massive volume of sequencing data being produced world wide, there is always a backlog of papers and data to be added. If you would like to fast-track inclusion of a paper and its data into MITOMAP, please email a pdf to We appreciate your help. Thanks.

NEW The rCRS has a new number in GenBank! It is now officially NC_012920. Click here for details.

MITOMAP Quick Reference
To search for point mutations, click here. The info button on the search page has more information.

General References   Illustrations:
The Annotated Human Mitochondrial DNA Sequence    View Figures
Download the rCRS & other mtDNAs   -Mitochondrial DNA Map
Amino Acid Translation Tables   -Eleven pathological mutations in tRNA
Mitochondrial References, ALL (very large file)     • A-L only     • M-Z only   -Mitochondrial energetics
Haplogroup Markers & Frequencies     Simple mtDNA Tree: Europe, Asia, Africa   -Diabetes metabolism & mitochondria
Mitochondrial DNA Function Locations (Gene Loci)   -World migrations
Mitochondrial DNA Polypeptide Assignments   -mtDNA Trees
Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequences    
Archived Reports:    
    Mitochondrial Human Genome Report   Other databases & tools:
    Common Continent-Specific mtDNA Variants, c.1995   PhyloTree     mtDB (New URL!)
    mtDNA RFLPs:   High Resolution     Low Resolution   MitoTool     MitoWheel
    mtDNA Manager
mtDNA Polymorphisms (includes mini insertions & deletions)   Mammalian Mitochondrial tRNA Genes
Control Region Polymorphisms (16024-576)   HmtDB database
Coding & RNA Polymorphisms (577-16023, MTTF-MTTP)   EMPOP CR Database
Somatic Mutations   POLG Database
Collection of Unpublished Variants   Other Useful Mito Links on the Web
mtDNA Mutations with Reports of Disease-Associations
Organized by mtDNA location: Organized by phenotype:
    rRNA/tRNA Mutations     rRNA/tRNA Mutations  
    Coding & Control Region Mutations     Coding & Control Region Mutations  
      LHON Mutations  
Major Rearrangements
MtDNA Deletions    
Multiple mtDNA Deletions Within Individuals    
MtDNA Inversions    
MtDNA Simple Insertions    
MtDNA Complex Rearrangements    
Nuclear Genes Involved in Mitochondrial Disease
Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease    
Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease    
Mitochondrial Pseudogenes    
Submittal of Data & How to Cite MITOMAP:
Submit Unpublished mtDNA Variants    
If you would like to submit published articles to be included in mitomap, please send the citation & a pdf to
How to cite MITOMAP    
Mitochondria Interest Group Video Casts    
mtDNA in the news: NY Times, May 2, 2000 "The Human Family Tree: 10 Adams and 18 Eves"

Map of the Human Mitochondrial DNA

Topic revision: r1 - 15 Sep 2015, UnknownUser

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